Occupational Therapy to Improve Improper Pencil Grip in Children

There are a number of developmental, cognitive and intellectual aberrations that may present with difficulties in learning capabilities and school performance. Healthcare providers suggest early identification and appropriate management or training can lead to absolutely normal or near normal development in children that does not interfere with personal, social and occupational aspects of life in adulthood.

Improper pencil grip is the leading cause of poor handwriting as a result of impaired motor skills. It has been observed that development of pencil grip and good hand-writing is an automatic reflex that develops during the early years of schooling; however, in some children this reflex is significantly impaired. There are a number of parameters that are used by educators and teachers to determine the hand-writing and pencil grip in school- aged children as young as 9 to 10 years. The parameters like use of appropriate spacing between letters and words, accuracy of letter formation, legibility, letter size uniformity, letter slant, and alignment of words on the sheet are used as important tool in the assessment of improper pencil grip in children.

Research conducted by Carter and Synolds suggested that the majority of the children with handwriting abnormalities develop symptoms of learning disabilities in coming years.

Colleen M. Schneck conducted a research study on 60 school-aged children to assess the handwriting skills in accordance with the pencil grip and identified that the children who presented with poor handwriting also performed poorly at pencil gripping test (drawing tasks) and also manifested symptoms of impaired proprioceptive-kinesthetic awareness (impaired hand preference and perception of pencil and paper and distance of pencil from paper).

Research conducted by Benbow suggests that the position of head and distance of the writing surface from eyes plays a very important role in the development of improper grip. He explained that if the actual cause is not identified at an early age, the chances are high that the developmental disabilities or learning deficits may go unnoticed or misdiagnosed, affecting the entire life of the child. Benbow coined the term somesthetic feedback that is a form of visual compensation as the distance between the eyes and writing surface is very little, leading to fatigued visual input.

Research conducted by Laszlo and Bairstow suggested that children are unable to master their writing skills and proprioceptive-kinesthetic ability (the response of joints to the movements performed by fingers) until at least 6 years of age; but various simple tasks can help in early determination of impaired writing skills. For example an inability to color within boundaries or the inability to build blocks suggests a sluggish proprioceptive-kinesthetic capacity.

Laszlo suggests that assessment of such children in second standard is very helpful in reaching to a diagnosis to establish if the child needs therapy or mere lifestyle modification is enough. Occupational therapy is helpful in all such children as the trained therapists can identify and diagnose improper pencil grip reflex earlier than the healthcare providers and advise therapies for treatment.

Stem Cell Therapy For Head Injuries

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has remained a major cause of mortality, morbidity and leading cause of large-scale disabilities worldwide. TBI results in a large number of deaths and a cause of permanent disabilities with enormous losses to individuals, families, and communities [1]. World Health Organization (WHO), in 2004, has estimated that 25% of road traffic collisions requiring admission to a hospital suffered TBI [13]. Pathophysiology of TBI involves two main phases: these are primary injury following the trauma, and the secondary injury which is mediated by inflammatory response to trauma.
However, no effective therapy or program is available for treatment of individuals with TBI; nonetheless, researchers had tried some therapeutic agents like levodopa/carbidopa and some neurotrophic factors in brain injury with persistent vegetative state with the aim of augmenting and slowing the progression from persistent vegetative state into some degree of consciousness. This still needs experimentation to confirm if these dopamine precursors and other neurotrophic factors have any role in TBI.
Solomon O. Ugoya and Jian Tu from Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University; and Technology Place, North Ryde, Sydney, Australia, respectively, have stated that Neural stem cells (NSCs) have recently been shown to contribute to the cellular re-modeling that occurs following TBI and attention has been drawn to the area of neural stem cell as possible therapy for TBI. The NSCs may play an important role in the treatment of TBI by replacing the damaged cells and eventual remyelination. They also pointed out that they can achieve the translation of basic knowledge of neural stem cells into therapeutic options in persons with TBI by enhancing and integrating these neural progenitor cells (NPCs) unto neurogenesis and directing these cells to the specified targets or through multi-potency where the transplanted cells can differentiate into glial cells, neurons, and endothelial cells, as the i confirm if these dopamine precursors and other neurotrophic factors have any role in TBI.
Solomon O. Ugoya and Jian Tu from Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University; and Technology Place, North Ryde, Sydney, Australia, respectively, have stated that Neural stem cells (NSCs) have recently been shown to contribute to the cellular re-modeling that occurs following TBI and attention has been drawn to the anjuries are not always selective but diffuse and we may need to induce these transplanted cells into appropriate phenotype.
Neural stem cell therapy is a strategy that offers hope in the future for treatment of brain injury. In addition, we are now able to monitor autologous neural stem cells in vivo, cell migration and clearly demonstrate that neural stem cells could selectively target injured brain or spinal cord tissue and undergo neurogenesis.
Recently, more attention has been drawn to the area of stem cell therapy, largely due to advanced knowledge about stem cells. The stem cells may play an important role in the treatment of TBI by replacing damaged cells, and helping functional recovery. The search for stem cell therapy for TBI is progressing.

Hypnotherapy Books Effective Way To Enhance Your Hypnosis Knowledge

Hypnosis is the vital part of hypnotherapy and it has widely attracted a large numbers of people around the world towards it since ancient times onwards. If you want to choose good quality hypnosis book for beginners then you need to be a careful detaining and analysis of content of the book.

There are many hypnotherapy books available today which you can discover easily using internet. Stephanie Riseley, the well-recognized Hypnotherapist wrote ample of books on hypnotherapy books for an individual to read. If you desire to be hypnotized yourself then these books assist you in all along the ways. It’s really a best idea to read about hypnosis first so that you will be informed with the nature and character of hypnosis. You’re advised to read good hypnotherapy books so that you would get flair idea of hypnosis therapy. .

Some of the famous hypnotherapy books available today are mentioned below:

A famous book written by Cal Banyan and Gerald F. Kein is quite helpful to those who would want to educate themselves in terms of hypnotherapy. This book received great appreciation by those who are already experts in the field of hypnotherapy. This book is very much helpful in providing more education to the readers in the field of hypnotherapy.

Handbook of Hypnotic Suggestions and Metaphors by D. Corydon Hammond are other popular books written on hypnotherapy. These books are truly good for those who are in practice and those who having desire to learn more.

It is true that hypnosis books are self help books and they teach you how to perform self hypnosis to yourself and improve yourself internally and externally. Sometimes, the knowledge might also help you to supplement yourself outside hypnotherapy.

Basic Tips for Making Selection of Hypnotherapy Books

Prefer a book that doesn’t contain extended narrative about hypnosis in it. Most of the writers put stress to write a book with a huge number of pages only and this is the reason they do not pay attention in including the informative information about hypnotherapy.

Go for a book which has an average quantity of pages. You’re also advised to seek a book with no big preface because a book with fewer pages does not denote it is not as good as than more pages book.

Always choose a book that comes with compact disk choices. It is for sure that a high-quality hypnosis book is most commonly has been prepared with CD to make ease for you in knowing detailed information Hypnotherapy.

So, choose your desirable hypnotherapy book to enhance your knowledge about hypnotherapy.

This article aims to provide the reader comprehensive ideas and tips on how Stephanie Riseley Book works . For additional information regarding Hypnotherapist for Smoking please visit:

Hypnotherapy for losing weight, quitting smoke and lots more

If you need to quit smoking, lose weight, help for sleep, or just to relax, hypnotherapy may just be the right treatment for you. If you take the services of the best Hypnotist London has to offer, with thousands of healed patients including the likes of actor Ewan Mc Gregor, you can be rest assured of getting relief from your ailments. Hypnotherapy involves helping the patient get rid of his phobias and fixations by modifying the psyche at the hypnotic trance state. Successful hypnotherapists are able to help their patients make major, lasting changes to their lives by reaching the hypnotic trance state.

Some of the practices of hypnotherapy include the latest techniques such as hypnoCBT, TFT, hypnoalaysis, success coaching and stress management. Some of the areas in which this therapy has been very successful include are addictions, insomnia, weight loss, weight gain, eating disorders, phobias, performance enhancement for study or sport, building self-confidence, breakthrough therapy, performance anxiety and public speaking.

If you are live in London, you can get in touch with a very popular hypnotherapist who has the distinction of enabling the actor Ewan Mc Gregor kick his habit of smoking. You should get in touch with that hypnotherapist for treatment of mental ailments that include the abovementioned or more. What’s more, you can get his hypnotherapy stop smoking download which can help you quit in a short interval of time.

The best part about hypnosis for quitting smoking is that it has been found to be the best way of doing so with the best success rate compared to other methods such as nicotine replacement therapy. As hypnosis is completely safe and reliable, everyone can be sent into the state without any adverse effect. The 66 percent success rate of hypnosis is far above the 25 percent of nicotine replacement therapy and the same for behavior therapy, and it is far ahead of the 5 percent success rate of people looking to quit smoking on their own.

Thus, if you are looking to quit smoking or need help for any other ailments such as anxiety, stress, insomnia, phobias, and others, hypnosis may be your best bet at lasting treatment. It would be advisable for you to take the services of the best Hypnotist London has to offer or look for one with similar success rate. You should give hypnotherapy a try given its high rate of success.

Hear you can very easily find HYPNOTHERAPY LONDON doctor that helps around in United Kingdom.

How to Remember Your PAST Lives Without Drugs Or Therapy!

Who else really wants to remember their past lives? Are you curious about the REAL meaning of your life? Are you a true blue believer that past lives or reincarnation is REAL….and that we all have the power to access these memories with practice? Are you curious if THIS life bears the brunt of traumas, or experiences or even LOVE affairs with soulmates you’ve met in a previous existence? If you said yes, stay tuned while I reveal my FAVORITE way for tapping into the power of past lives from home!

Can I REALLY learn how to remember past lives with practice?

I say YES! As a matter of fact, I truly believe that each and every one of us has the power, and potential to recall many previous incarnations, simply through a combination of practice, intention, mediation and technology. You can also talk to a therapist and have a regression done, which is very effective….but expensive, and often unnecessary if you follow the below approach instead.

What is my FAVORITE way to induce past life recall?

Honestly? The MOST effective technique for me has been using guided meditations, subliminal messaging and hemi sync or binural beats for brain entrainment. (just a scientific way of explaining how to enter an altered state through the use of sound)

Why is this a superior approach to therapy, drugs or hypnosis regression?

First of all…it’s FASTER! You can literally have your first memories within a few short hours using nothing but focused intention, music or sound and all while sitting on your sofa! That makes it easier as well….and in MY opinion, the memories tend to be much more accurate too. Why? Because in my view, you can’t always TRUST the past lives you remember during regression, or during therapy, or even during a psychic reading as they are possibly being affected by suggestion.

Experiences you have by yourself, when your mind is in a totally relaxed, open and hyper aware state…are ALWAYS more powerful, more realistic and more personally transformative to boot! (or at least if YOURS are anywhere as powerful as mine!)

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Skeptical? Good! Get a Genuine Psychic Reading Here!

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Can Hypnotherapy Make Your Skin Look Fabulous

Skin fulfills a wide spectrum of protective and sensorial functions within human bodies. It works just like a transmitter for the brain in the event of injuries or any other damages. Besides pain, human skin conveys information on other stimuli; for instance, it has the ability to establish the optimal temperature for human body. Furthermore, all these interpretations of external stimuli are in close connection to the nervous system and quite often, nervous system disorders are associated with skin problems. Scientists explain such connections by the fact that skin and nervous system part the ectoderm (cells that develop in skin, hair, teeth, and nervous tissue).

Since scientists discovered that anxiety and stress might cause skin conditions such as eczemas or psoriasis and local treatment can only remedy for a short period the itching and scratching problems without truly solving the real anxiety-related issue. Hypnosis indirectly cures skin disorders because hypnotherapy provides patients with control over sensations that make people damage their skin.

Moreover, if the therapist finds associations between skin conditions and low level of self-esteem, he will try to improve and redirect the self-perception towards a positive path. During a common hypnotherapy session, the stress falls on the subconscious, the therapist tells his patient that he can detach himself from unwanted, invasive sensations (the desire to ease discomfort through aggressive scratching). This method suggests the fact that skin might sometimes reflect our emotions unless it has been proven that a particular skin condition was produced by bacterias or allergens.

In contrast with external medical treatment which acts rather superficially, hypnotherapy approaches differently the cure. Firstly, hypnosis can establish whether the skin condition is really caused by an emotional blockage and might be associated with other symptoms. If such be the case, the hypnotherapist tries to connect recurrent symptoms to specific experiences. Each time the patient undergoes emotionally the difficulty of a similar experience, that skin disorder is just one of the side effects. By helping the subject to overcome the emotional blockage, dermatological conditions might disappear completely without recurrent episodes.

Dermatologists have noticed that sometimes medication recommended for many skin conditions is inefficient although it temporarily eased the symptoms. In order to remove the cause, patients have been advised to consult a hypnotherapist although many consider hypnosis a non-conventional alternative.

Severe skin conditions have a great impact on peoples lives especially on their social and professional ones; therefore, if skin conditions go untreated, they might isolate sufferers from their friends, colleagues, or simple acquaintances and eventually would only deepen anxiety and stress.

The Benefits of Deep Tissue Massage Therapy

The Benefits of Deep Tissue Massage Therapy

In this article, you will learn about deep tissue massage therapy, the benefits of investing in such an activity, and whether you should consider this therapy.

Deep tissue massage therapy is a type of massage performed to release the restrictions found in deeper muscle and connective tissues. This therapy is recommended for people with chronic pain or those involved in intense physical activities. People who have regular physical injuries should also consider deep tissue massage therapy.

When muscles are contracted and remain so for a long period, they can become inflamed and constrict the oxygen flow around the body. The massage is performed mainly on the knots found on the body by applying pressure consistently on the targeted area until the knot disappears. Deep tissue massage therapy can be considered as corrective in this case.

Although great improvements can be noticed after one hour of massage, this is mainly a therapy. Deep tissue massage therapy needs to be performed on a regular basis in order to get rid of all the knots present. Experts recommend once per week and self-massages done in-between these sessions.

The reduced circulation of oxygen around the body can significantly impact overall health. This can also cause a buildup of toxins in the body, especially in the muscle area. The removal of the knots will lead to improved circulation of cerebraspinal fluids, lymph, blood, and intestinal fluids.

You need to remember that this is not a replacement for good posture, diet, relaxation, and exercise. Deep tissue massage therapy should be used in conjunction with good posture, diet, and relaxation and physical exercise for optimal results.

We have gone over what deep tissue massage therapy is and the benefits involved. You should consider this as part of leading a healthy lifestyle. As mentioned above, this is not a replacement for great daily habits. It can be corrective but the effects can fade after only one day.

Athletes have seen chronic pains coming back when relying only on deep tissue massage therapy as a corrective measure. Relaxation can deeply enhance its effects since most of the knots are caused by stress and blocked thoughts. If you lack the balance between mental and physical exertion, deep tissue massage therapy is a great choice for you.

Pulpal Therapy for Primary and Young Teeth

The pulp is the hollow inner core of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue and reparative cells (see Figure 1). In children, dental caries (cavities) and traumatic injury are the two main indications for pulpal therapy (also known as -paediatric root canal,- -pulpotomy- or -pulpectomy-). The primary objective of pulpal therapy is to maintain the integrity and health of the teeth and supporting tissues; thus, its treatment objective is to maintain the vitality of the pulp of a tooth affected by caries or traumatic injury.

In young permanent teeth with immature roots, the pulp is important for the continuation of apexogenesis (the continuation of the closure of the tip of the root, or apex, as the child gets older). Long-term retention of a permanent tooth requires a root with a favourable crown/root ratio and dentinal walls that are thick enough to withstand normal function. Therefore, pulp preservation is the primary goal for the treatment of young permanent dentition. A tooth without a vital pulp, however, can still remain clinically functional.

The vitality of the pulp is the most important focus of a dental examination and check-up because it is the basis of the indications, objectives and type of pulpal therapy that will be used. The pulp may be classified as normal (i.e., symptom free and with normal response to vitality testing), with reversible pulpitis (i.e., the pulp is capable of healing), with symptomatic or asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis (i.e., vital inflamed pulp is incapable of healing), or necrotic pulp.

The clinical diagnosis is derived from a comprehensive review of the medical and dental history, including current symptoms and chief complaint; subjective evaluation of the area associated with the current symptoms/chief complaint, which is accomplished by questioning the child and parent(s) on the location, intensity, duration, stimulus, relief and spontaneity of pain;

objective extraoral examination and intraoral soft and hard tissue examination; radiograph(s) to diagnose pulpitis or necrosis showing the involved tooth, furcation, periapical area and the surrounding bone; and clinical tests such as palpation, percussion and mobility.

A treatment plan should include the following:

1. The patient’s medical history

2. The value of each involved tooth in relation to the child’s overall development

3. Alternatives to pulp treatment

4. Restorability of the tooth.

For more information please visit: e-deneducation Dental Courses

Karen McDonagh is a proud contributing author and writes articles on several subjects including Dental Courses. She is passionate for Dental Education Professional and always looking for better ways to educate people.

Quit Smoking with Hypnotherapy – The Miracle Solution

For those looking to quit smoking, hypnotherapy offers a non-invasive, stress-free approach that is now commonly adopted. As a smoker you face numerous health concerns, which impact not only yourself but also those around you. Hypnosis is a well established technique for curing different conditionsprofessional hypnotherapistswork to connect with your subconscious to make sure that they can override previous messages and associations with cigarette smoking. The stop smoking hypnosis is a process that trains your mind there are two different stages of this hypnosis therapy. The first step of it is to make you realize that you don’t need to smoke. Hypnotherapists train your subconscious mind and connect with it to make you believe that your health will be affected when you smoke. With this, your subconscious mind slowly finds freedom from smoking and you can get rid of the habit. All you have to do is to follow a routine and attend the regular hypnosis sessions with a reputed clinic like . To completely quit smoking with hypnotherapy you need to go through the second phase of the therapy too. The first phase helps you to quit smoking. However, once you give it up, your brain starts to send you signals that can drive you back to the habit. There are some physical discomforts that you may feel once you stop smoking. This is a very tricky period and many people start craving for cigarettes again as their brain tells them to. The second phase helps you to go through that tough time without getting weak. The second stage of hypnosis therapy for quitting smoking is the most important one. To quit smoking, the hypnosis therapy can help but only if you are willing to let it go. With their tailored cessation of smoking program Melbourne Clinical Hypnotherapy provide those looking to quit with the support they need .

About The Author

Phil Johnson is a renowned hypnotherapist from Melbourne who runs his own clinic in the city. With his sessions of hypnotism for weight loss, insomnia, anxiety, self confidence as well as therapy to get out of addictions like smoking, alcohol and gambling, he has helped countless people lead better lives.

Career In Massage Therapy

Are you seeking an impacting change in your life or just additional income? There has never been a better time to start a career in massage therapy than right now. There are so many massage therapy schools with so many options available; it can be a little overwhelming. Massage therapy school programs vary in cost based on the individual state’s licensing requirements. On average, tuition ranges from about $6.00 to $17.00 per credit hour of class time. When considering the length of a massage therapy training program, the time required is influenced by whether you just need the bare-bone minimum required by your state to practice general massage therapy or if you need extensive training necessary to meet specific proficiency criteria to master massage therapy professional disciplines, as a registered massage therapist. Depending on the program you choose, it can take as long as a few weeks up to 2 years to complete.

Training requirements for massage therapy programs are different based on the locale. Commonly, your core subjects will be what are required by massage therapy standardizations and state regulations for licensing, such as anatomy, structure and function; legal and business ethics; massage and allied health modalities; kinesiology, body mechanics; pathology; and including but not limited to general education and electives required in some states. There are no 2 massage therapy schools alike, so it is important to distinguish which program most closely fits your career intentions, personality, schedule, and financial situation. Today, there are so many online massage therapy schools. Explore and compare education and training requirements, certification, and licensing required ensuring that you get the best foundation to jump start your career. In addition to massage therapy certification and licenses, students can earn massage therapy degrees, such as an Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree in Applied Sciences.

Do schools do background checks? There are many schools that require criminal background checks prior to admission and some states will require one prior to licensing as well. Massage therapy is a health career. With this in mind, some schools will request a criminal background check, and up-to-date immunization records including but not limited to a Tuberculosis screening, MMR, and DPT immunizations. When applying with a massage therapy school, you will be given pre-admission requisites that you should scrutinize carefully. If you have concerns not addressed in the packet, it’s okay to check with your academic advisor for more information.